No. If your ferret was to escape or be set free, it would likely not even survive 24 hours. The domestic ferret has no history of ever being in the wild and thus lacks the instinct and intelligence to survive. A common mistake is believing the domestic ferret is the same as its distant cousin, the Black Footed Ferret, which is not true. A domesticated ferret would not be able to catch prey, evade predators, or even find adequate shelter to survive. Without 100% assistance from humans, a ferret is completely helpless. So always be extra careful with external doors and windows! Remember that any domesticated animal would be at long odds to survive in the wild. Your ferret is no exception.
TIP - It's also a good idea to find a squeaky toy that your ferret reacts and comes to handy. That way in an escape emergency, the squeeky toy might be your only hope to find your beloved ferret.